Power BI is a powerful business intelligence and data visualization tool developed by Microsoft that helps businesses of all sizes to analyze their data and gain valuable insights. With Power BI, users can connect to a wide range of data sources, create stunning visualizations, and share insights with others. However, before we dive into how to use Power BI, it’s important to understand the key concepts and terminology associated with this tool. In this blog post, we will introduce you to the core concepts of Power BI and explain the terminology used in the tool.


Key Concepts


Data Source

A data source is a location from where data is imported into Power BI. A data source can be a file, a database, an API, or even a web page. Power BI supports a wide range of data sources including Excel, SQL Server, Oracle, Salesforce, and more. When creating a Power BI report or dashboard, the first step is to connect to a data source.

Data Model

A data model is a logical representation of the data that has been imported into Power BI from one or more data sources. A data model defines the relationships between different tables of data, and it’s used to build reports and visualizations. In Power BI, users can create a data model using the Power Query Editor, which allows for data transformation and cleansing.


A report is a visual representation of data that has been imported into Power BI. Reports can contain charts, tables, matrices, and other visual elements that help users to analyze and understand their data. Reports can be customized to meet the specific needs of a user, and they can be shared with others.


A dashboard is a collection of reports, visualizations, and other elements that provide a high-level overview of key performance indicators (KPIs) for a business. Dashboards are often used by executives and managers to monitor the health of a business and to make informed decisions based on the data presented.


A visualization is a graphical representation of data that makes it easier to understand and analyze. Power BI offers a wide range of visualizations including bar charts, line charts, scatter charts, tables, matrices, and more. Users can customize the visualizations to meet their specific needs, and they can drill down into the data to gain deeper insights.


A query is a request for data from a data source. In Power BI, users can create queries using the Power Query Editor, which allows them to transform and cleanse the data before importing it into the data model.


DAX (Data Analysis Expressions) is a formula language used in Power BI to create custom calculations and metrics. DAX allows users to create complex calculations based on the data in their data model. DAX functions can be used to calculate values such as averages, sums, and percentages.




Power Query Editor

The Power Query Editor is a data transformation and cleansing tool that allows users to import and manipulate data from a variety of sources. Users can use the Power Query Editor to combine and transform data from multiple sources into a single data model.

Power Pivot

Power Pivot is a data modeling tool that is integrated into Excel and Power BI. It allows users to create sophisticated data models with multiple tables and relationships. Power Pivot is used to create the data model that underlies the Power BI report or dashboard.

Power View

Power View is a data visualization tool that is integrated into Excel and SharePoint. It allows users to create interactive charts, maps, and other visualizations that help to tell a story with data. Power View is not available in Power BI, but many of its features are available in the Power BI visualization tools.

Power BI Desktop

Power BI Desktop is a Windows application that is used to create Power BI reports and dashboards. It provides a comprehensive set of tools for data modeling, visualization, and sharing. Power BI Desktop is the primary tool used by Power BI developers to create and publish reports and dashboards.

Power BI Service

Power BI Service is the web-based platform used to share and collaborate on Power BI reports and dashboards. Users can access the Power BI Service from any device with an internet connection, and they can share reports and dashboards with others in their organization or externally.

Power BI Mobile

Power BI Mobile is the mobile application used to access Power BI reports and dashboards on a smartphone or tablet. It allows users to view and interact with reports and dashboards on the go, and it provides a seamless experience across different devices.


A workspace is a container for Power BI content, including reports, dashboards, datasets, and more. Workspaces can be used to organize content and to control access to that content. In Power BI, users can create workspaces and invite other users to collaborate on the content within those workspaces.


Best Practices for Power BI


Now that we’ve covered the key concepts and terminology of Power BI, let’s dive into some best practices for using this powerful tool.


a.Plan Your Data Model

Before importing data into Power BI, it’s important to plan out your data model. This includes defining the tables and relationships in your data, and ensuring that your data is clean and ready for analysis. Taking the time to plan your data model will save you time and headaches down the road.

b.Keep Your Reports and Dashboards Simple

While Power BI provides a wide range of visualizations and features, it’s important to keep your reports and dashboards simple and easy to understand. Use clear and concise language, and avoid cluttering your reports with unnecessary information.

c.Use Custom Visuals Sparingly

Power BI provides a wide range of custom visuals created by third-party developers. While these visuals can be powerful and useful, they can also be distracting and confusing if overused. Use custom visuals sparingly and only when they add value to your report or dashboard.

d.Optimize Your Data Refresh Schedule

Power BI allows you to schedule data refreshes for your reports and dashboards. It’s important to optimize your data refresh schedule to ensure that your data is up-to-date and accurate, without putting unnecessary strain on your data sources.

e.Collaborate with Others

Power BI provides a range of collaboration features, including the ability to share reports and dashboards with others, and to collaborate within workspaces. Take advantage of these features to work with others in your organization and to gain valuable insights from their perspectives.



Power BI is a powerful tool for analyzing data and gaining valuable insights. Understanding the key concepts and terminology of Power BI is essential for using the tool effectively. By following best practices such as planning your data model, keeping your reports and dashboards simple, using custom visuals sparingly, optimizing your data refresh schedule, and collaborating with others, you can maximize the value of Power BI for your organization.